We report the formation of excellent quality epitaxial YBa2Cu3O7 films on (100) SrTiO3 and (100) ZrO2 (yttria stabilized) substrates in the temperature range of 500–650 °C by XECl excimer laser ablation in a 0.2 Torr oxygen ambient. By applying a dc bias voltage of +300 V to an interposing ring, we were able to reduce the substrate temperatures from 650 to 500 °C for obtaining epitaxial films. The quality of the epitaxial films was found to decrease with temperature, particularly below 550 °C. The thickness of the superconducting films was varied from 500 to 5000 Å with superconducting transition temperatures Tc (zero resistance) varying from 87 to 90 K for 650 °C deposits. The critical current density Jc of films was found to vary linearly with temperature with values of (zero magnetic field at 77 K) 5.0×106 and 1.0×106 for films deposited at 650 °C on (100) SrTiO3 and (100) yttria‐stabilized zirconia substrates, respectively. X‐ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, electron channeling patterns, and Rutherford backscattering (RBS)/channeling showed excellent epitaxial quality of films on both substrates with best values of minimum ion channeling yield of 3.5% on (100) SrTiO3 substrates.