We report on effects of composition onto superconducting and structural properties of Y‐Ba‐Cu‐O thin films, prepared by a carrier‐gas free metalorganic chemical vapor deposition technique. Thin films with critical temperatures Tc≥90 K, transition widths ΔTc≤1 K, and critical current densities jc (T=77 K, B=0 T)≥106 A/cm2 can be prepared by this method. Here we report on a strong dependence of the Tc on the ratio of Ba/Cu. For Ba/Cu<2 the surfaces show CuO precipitates, increasing in quantity and size with increasing concentration of Cu. An excess of Y leads to oriented inclusions of cubic Y2O3. A deficit of Y and Cu causes an expansion of the c‐lattice parameter. To investigate the influence of Y2O3 and CuO precipitates on the pinning potential, resistive transitions in magnetic fields up to 12 T were measured and interpreted by a thermal activated flux‐creep model. These measurements indicate the inefficiency of both, inclusions and precipitates, on the enhancement of the pinning potential.