We have explained the role of fluorine in the reduction of the self-interstitial population in a preamorphized Si layer under thermal treatment. For this purpose, we have employed a B spike layer grown by molecular-beam epitaxy as a marker for the self-interstitial local concentration. The amorphized samples were implanted with 7×1012, 7×1013, or 4×1014 F/cm2 at 100 keV, and afterwards recrystallized by solid phase epitaxy. Thermal anneals at 750 or 850 °C were performed in order to induce the release of self-interstitials from the end-of-range (EOR) defects and thus provoke the transient enhanced diffusion of B atoms. We have shown that the incorporation of F reduces the B enhanced diffusion in a controlled way, up to its complete suppression. It is seen that no direct interaction between B and F occurs, whereas the suppression of B enhanced diffusion is related to the F ability in reducing the excess of silicon self-interstitials emitted by the EOR source. These results are reported and discussed. © 2004 American Institute of Physics.