An efficient white light-emitting polymer was developed with blue polyfluorene (PFO) chemically doped with orange fluorescent 1, 8-naphthalimide moieties. The emission spectrum can be easily tuned by varying the content of 1, 8-naphthalimide moieties. A white polymeric light-emitting diode (WPLED) with a structure of indium tin oxide (ITO)/the complex of (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) and polystyrene sulfonic acid (PEDOT)/polymer∕Ca∕Al showed a current efficiency of 5.3 cd∕A and a power efficiency of 2.8 Lm∕W at 6 V with the Commission Internationale de L'Eclairage (CIE) coordinates at (0.25,0.35). Moreover, the WPLED from the copolymer showed a very stable white light emission at different driving voltage and brightness. The CIE coordinates of the WPLED were (0.25, 0.35), (0.26, O.36), and (0.26, 0.36) under driving voltages of 6, 8, and 10 V, corresponding to the brightness of 82, 3555, and 7530 cd∕m2, respectively. This approach for realization of white light emission is promising over the polymer blending system in terms of both efficiency and color stability.